Exploring Shillong: The Scotland of the East

Exploring Shillong – Nestled in the northeastern state of Meghalaya, Shillong is a picturesque hill station often referred to as the “Scotland of the East.” This moniker is not an exaggeration but a testament to its rolling hills, misty landscapes, and cool climate, reminiscent of the Scottish Highlands. Shillong’s charm lies in its blend of natural beauty, vibrant culture, and rich history. This article delves into the various facets that make Shillong a must-visit destination.

A Glimpse into History

Shillong’s history is as captivating as its landscape. The name “Shillong” is derived from U-Shyllong, a powerful deity worshipped by the local Khasi people. The city became the capital of composite Assam during British colonial rule and later the capital of Meghalaya when the state was formed in 1972. The British influence is still evident in the city’s architecture, with numerous colonial-era buildings dotting its terrain.

Exploring Shillong: The Scotland of the East

The Natural Splendor

Shillong’s natural beauty is perhaps its most significant draw. The city is surrounded by lush greenery, waterfalls, and scenic vistas that can leave any visitor spellbound.

Umiam Lake

About 15 kilometers from Shillong, Umiam Lake, also known as Barapani, is a man-made reservoir that offers breathtaking views and a variety of water sports. Surrounded by thick coniferous forests, the lake is an ideal spot for boating, kayaking, and angling. The sunset over Umiam Lake is particularly mesmerizing, with the sky painted in hues of orange and pink.

Elephant Falls

Located a short drive from the city center, Elephant Falls is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Shillong. Named by the British for a rock resembling an elephant (which has since disintegrated), the falls consist of three sections that cascade down in a series of steps. The surrounding area is lush with greenery, making it a perfect spot for photography and picnics.

Shillong Peak

For those seeking panoramic views of the city and its surroundings, Shillong Peak is the place to be. Standing at 1,965 meters, it is the highest point in Shillong. On a clear day, one can see the Himalayan ranges and even the plains of Bangladesh. The peak is also a significant cultural site, with local legends and folklore adding to its mystique.

Cultural Extravaganza

Shillong is a melting pot of cultures, predominantly inhabited by the Khasi tribe, with Garo and Jaintia tribes also having a significant presence. The city is known for its vibrant festivals, music scene, and traditional crafts.


One of the most prominent festivals celebrated in Shillong is the Shad Suk Mynsiem, a spring festival where Khasi men and women don traditional attire and perform dances to the rhythm of drums and pipes. Another important festival is Nongkrem Dance, a five-day event featuring elaborate dances and rituals to thank the Almighty for a bountiful harvest.

Music and Nightlife

Shillong is often hailed as the “Rock Capital of India” due to its thriving music scene. The city has produced numerous renowned musicians and hosts several music festivals, including the famous NH7 Weekender. Live music can be enjoyed at various cafes and pubs, with genres ranging from rock and metal to jazz and blues.

Traditional Crafts

The local markets in Shillong offer a plethora of traditional crafts, including bamboo and cane products, hand-woven shawls, and intricate wood carvings. Bara Bazaar and Police Bazaar are popular shopping destinations where visitors can buy souvenirs and experience the local hustle and bustle.

Culinary Delights

Shillong’s cuisine is a delightful mix of traditional Khasi flavors and influences from other parts of the country. The food here is known for its simplicity and use of fresh, local ingredients.

Traditional Khasi Cuisine

Staple dishes include Jadoh, a flavorful rice and meat dish cooked with turmeric and spices, and Dohneiiong, a pork curry with black sesame seeds. Tungrymbai, a fermented soybean paste, is a unique and acquired taste but a must-try for adventurous foodies. Street food is also popular, with momos (dumplings) and chow mein being ubiquitous.

Cafes and Eateries

Shillong’s café culture is thriving, with numerous establishments offering everything from traditional snacks to continental fare. Popular spots include Café Shillong, known for its cozy ambiance and live music, and Dylan’s Café, a tribute to Bob Dylan, offering great food and a relaxed atmosphere.

Adventure and Activities

For those seeking adventure, Shillong does not disappoint. The surrounding areas provide ample opportunities for trekking, caving, and rock climbing.

Trekking and Hiking

The David Scott Trail is a historic trekking route that offers a mix of scenic beauty and historical significance. The trail, named after a British administrator, covers around 16 kilometers and passes through lush forests, quaint villages, and ancient stone bridges.


Meghalaya is known for its extensive cave systems, and caving is a popular activity for thrill-seekers. Mawsmai Cave near Cherrapunjee and Siju Cave in the Garo Hills are famous for their impressive stalactites and stalagmites.


Exploring Shillong – Shillong offers a range of accommodation options to suit all budgets. From luxury hotels like Hotel Pinewood, with its colonial charm, to budget-friendly guesthouses and homestays, visitors can find a place that fits their preferences. For a more immersive experience, staying at a local homestay can provide insights into the local way of life.

Shillong, with its unique blend of natural beauty, cultural richness, and modern amenities, truly lives up to its nickname, “The Scotland of the East.” Whether you are a nature enthusiast, a history buff, a culture aficionado, or an adventure seeker, Shillong has something to offer everyone. Its serene landscapes, warm hospitality, and vibrant life make it a destination worth exploring and cherishing. So, pack your bags and get ready to be enchanted by the myriad wonders of Shillong.

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